1. Eucalyptus blakelyi (Blakely's Red Gum)
Blakely's Red Gum is endemic to the ACT. The species is generally characterised by smooth whitish bark with grey patches. Red Gum trees are under threat in the ACT because of repeated attack from lerp insects that cause dieback and death.
Botanical and common name honour W.F. Blakely (1875-1941) noted Australian botanist.
2. University Avenue plantings
The tree plantings that feature along University Avenue are intended to reflect the changes of the four seasons of the year that are distinct in Canberra. Species include: Ulmus picturata (Picture Elm), Ulmus parvifolia (Chinese Elm), Ulmus procera (English Elm), Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardi Poplar), Populus alba (Silver Poplar), Populus alba 'Pyrimidalis' (Upright Silver Poplar), Cedrus atlantica (Atlantic Cedar) and Prunus cerercifera (Flowing Plum). Planting was undertaken during the 1920s under the direction of Charles Weston to form one of the axes of the Burley Griffin plan; the road that linked the City to the CSIRO was removed in 1969.
3. Eucalyptus polyanthemos (Red Box)
The Red Box is endemic to the ACT. This species is generally characterised by rough persistent bark on the trunk and blue green oval shaped leaves. The distinctive red timber is dense, very strong and durable; it is used for fencing and is excellent firewood.
Botanical: Greek poly (much or many) plus anthemon (flower).
4. Eucalyptus blakelyi (Blakely's Red Gum) - Blacksmiths tree
This tree is thought to mark the place where a blacksmith's workshop was once located prior to the development of Canberra. The round steel pipe embedded in the trunk was used to forge horseshoes. This tree is in a state of decline and the canopy has been reduced to remove dead and hazardous branches.
5. Eucalyptus rubida (Candle bark)
The Candle bark is endemic to the ACT. The nectar and pollen are useful for honey production and the leaves are of major significance in the diet of Koalas. The species is generally charcterised by the red or pink colour of the bark during spring and summer, hence the Latin name 'rubida' (meaning red).
6. Eucalyptus rubida (Candle bark) Boundary tree
The remains of this tree represent the tree cover that once dominated this site prior to European settlement. During the pastoral phase of this site it was used as a boundary marker between the two properties (Springbank and Acton) that existed prior to the development of ANU. The surrounding landscape treatment represents endemic grassland species.
7. Eucalyptus bridgesiana (Apple Box)
The Apple Box is endemic to the ACT. The species is generally characterised by rough, dark bark that is persistent up the trunk and on lateral branches. This group of trees represents a remnant forest that predates white settlement on this site.
The Botanical name was given in 1898 after F. Bridges, Surveyor General of New South Wales.
8. Eucalyptus melliodora (Yellow Box)
The Yellow Box is endemic to the ACT. The species is generally characterised by smooth, cream to yellowish bark with brown rough bark at the base that can extend up the trunk. Yellow Box trees are highly regarded by apiarists for honey production.
Botanical: Latin: melleus (honey) plus odora (sweet or pleasant smell).
9. Cedrus libani (Cedar of Lebanon)
Planted 3 April 1914 by Earl Grey Pres. Royal Colonial Society under the direction of Charles Weston.
10. Cedrus deodara (Himalayan Cedar)
Planted 3 April 1914 by Lady Grey under the direction of Charles Weston.
11. Brachychyton populneus (Karrajong)
The Karrajong is endemic to the ACT. The roots and seeds of this tree are edible and the foliage can be used to feed stock. Indigenous people made fishing nets and twine from the fibers from the trunk. The species name 'populneus' is given because the leaves of this tree resemble that of a Poplar tree.
12. Eucalyptus viminalis (Manna Gum)
The Manna Gum is endemic to the ACT. Species is generally characterised by the smooth white to yellowish bark that is replaced annually, leaving strips of bark hanging from branch forks. Very tall forest tree capable of reaching 30 to 50 metres in height.
Botanical - latin viminalis (bearing long flexible twigs).